Author Topic: The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697  (Read 10392 times)

David K

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The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697
« on: April 11, 2013, 02:20:13 PM »
One of the popular historical scenes in the three states of California, are the old mission sites found throughout Baja California and in Alta California to the San Francisco Bay region.

In a series of posts here, I will share details, photos and maps to increase awareness of this major piece of California history.


David K

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Re: The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697
« Reply #1 on: April 12, 2013, 08:43:54 AM »
The first Spanish sailor credited with reaching the shores of California was Fortún Jiménez Bertandoña, a mutineer who was killed by the natives on the shore of the bay we now call La Paz, perhaps in 1533. Hernán Cortés heard of this and of the pearls that covered the seafloor there, and came himself in 1535. The colony Cortés founded lasted less than two years and was only the beginning of many failed attempts by Spain to colonize the California peninsula.

On October 25, 1697, the Jesuit Padre Juan María de Salvatierra founded the first in a series of missions in California and named it Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó.



The stone church construction began in 1740. The original bell tower collapsed during an earthquake in 1877 and replaced by the modern one in the 1950's.

Loreto is the 'Head and Mother of the Missions of Baja and Alta California', and is so stated above the entrance to California's first mission church.

To have details on each of the 48 California missions in your hands, glove-box or backpack, please order our new book: 'The Old Missions of Baja & Alta California 1697-1834' by visiting our web page: http://oldmissions.com

« Last Edit: April 12, 2013, 09:05:21 AM by David K »

David K

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Re: The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697
« Reply #2 on: April 12, 2013, 04:53:46 PM »
Two years after Loreto was founded, Padre Francisco Piccolo established the second California mission at Cochimí site of Biaundó and named is 'San Francisco Javier' (San Javier).

In 1710, the mission was moved south 5 miles and beginning in 1744, the massive cut stone cathedral was built and remains today the finest preserved original mission building.



http://oldmissions.com

 

David K

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Re: The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697
« Reply #3 on: April 12, 2013, 05:10:39 PM »
The third California mission was founded in 1705, about 22 miles south of Loreto and very close to the gulf coast. Named San Juan Bautista at the Monqui Indian site of Ligüí. The Cochimí eventually moved into this area, replacing the Monqui tribe, and their name for the site was Malibat.

Ligüí/ Malibat was the first mission to be abandoned due to poor water supply, raids from hostile natives and the benefactor in Europe becoming bankrupted. It was not always staffed during each of its 16 years.

In 1721, the padre assigned to Malibat opened a new mission named 'Dolores', with a new benefactor, at Apaté, many miles south.


Rubble from the mission foundation was last seen in 2001, after a flash flood washed away the ground from under it. The nearby village people of Liguí have since erected a cross next to the arroyo near the original site.

David K

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Re: The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697
« Reply #4 on: May 23, 2013, 10:28:52 AM »


The fourth California mission was Santa Rosalía de Mulegé, founded in 1705 by Padre Juan Manuel de Basaldúa. Located on a rare fresh water river, about 2 miles from the gulf coast, in the modern town of Mulegé, BCS.

The church standing today was built in 1766. A flood in 1770 destroyed fields and almost caused the mission to be relocated to San Jose de Magdalena, some 15 miles to the northwest.
« Last Edit: May 23, 2013, 10:31:01 AM by David K »

Ashleigh

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Re: The Spanish California Missions beginning in 1697
« Reply #5 on: September 05, 2013, 04:54:03 AM »
Thanks for sharing these great info,......